Foundation to award $1.75 million to developer of cheap technology
If a young black girl and a young white boy both lived in apartments with lead paint, and both their parents won a lawsuit against the landlord, the white boy could receive millions more dollars in damages.
It may sound absurd, but a Washington Post investigation found the practice was rampant across the US justice system.
Nearly all personal injury cases are settled out of court each year, the Post found, and race and gender are usually considered by both lawyers and juries when determining how much money victims should receive.
Settlements make up the vast majority of the $35 billion generated each year by personal injury lawyers, according to IBIS World.
When lost wage calculations are used to determine settlement amount, a common practice in personal injury cases, they can end up severely underestimating how much women and minorities are “worth” compared to white men, the Post found.
“The debate over this use of demographic averages pits two tenets of the American justice system — fairness and accuracy — against each other,” Kim Soffen writes for the Post.
Last year, women working full-time earned 80% of what men earned, according to the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. A Pew Research Center analysis found white men had a median hourly income of $21 in 2015, while black men earned $15, Hispanic men earned $14, black women earned $13, and Hispanic women earned $12. Asian men and women bucked the trend, earning $24 and $18 per hour on average, respectively.
In lost wages cases, The Post found white men could likely receive up to 33% more money than black men and up to 74% more money than white women, based on predicted education level. So a white woman expected to get a high school education would receive $694,000 in damages, while a white man with the same predicted education level would get over $1.2 million, based on their model.
“As you peel the onion of discrimination, you realize how embedded it is in our legal system and our society,” University of Baltimore law professor Michael Meyerson told the Post.
A small study of healthy men found just 2 days of sleep loss were associated with changes in gut microbiota that previous studies have linked to obesity.
A set of five proteins in patient blood samples can diagnose acetaminophen-induced liver injury
Opium production in Afghanistan increased by considerable amounts in 2016, according to the 2016 Opium Survey for the country, produced by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime.
As much as 90% of the world’s heroin has come from Afghan opium, and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime reported in 2015 that the country “accounted for almost two-thirds of the total area under illicit opium cultivation.”
The total area under cultivation throughout the country jumped 10% in 2016, reaching an estimated 201,000 hectares, or about 496,000 acres.
The highest area under cultivation — 224,000 hectares, or 553,516 acres — was recorded in 2014, but the number registered this year is among the three highest areas under cultivation recorded since 1994, when the UNODC began keeping track.
The southern region of the country was home to 59% of that cultivation, and while the Northern region only accounted for a slim percentage of total cultivation, that part of the country saw “strong increases” that the UNODC attributed to the worsening security situation.
Hilmand, often spelled Helmand, remained the focal point of opium production this year, with 80,273 hectares, or more than 198,000 acres, under cultivation.
Helmand is a longtime Taliban stronghold and one of the country’s most restive provinces — in recent weeks, a Taliban offensive on the provincial capital has cut the city off and led to hundreds of deaths.
Attacks and fighting between militants and Afghan and foreign forces have spread to 31 of the country’s 34 provinces, and in the first half of this year there were 5,100 civilian casualties, including 1,600 deaths.
The number of opium-poppy-free provinces dropped from 14 last year to 13 this year, and every region except the Southern saw an increase in opium production. The Northern region saw a tremendous 324% increase, followed by the Northeastern at 55% and Eastern at 44%. Production in the Southern region was stable, declining 1%.
Poppy eradication also saw a precipitous decline in 2016. Provincial governors destroyed 355 hectares (877 acres) of poppy this year, a 91% decline from the 3,760 hectares (9,291 acres) eradicated last year. The 3,760 hectares eradicated in 2015 was a 40% increase over the previous year.
Eradication efforts were hamstrung by the country’s worsening security situation. Currently, the Taliban is believed to control more territory in the country than at any time since 2001, when the US invaded at the September 11 terrorist attacks.
And no eradication took place in provinces with high cultivation levels because of danger to the eradication teams as well as logistics and financial issues. Resistance to eradication efforts also sometimes manifested itself in direct attacks on eradication teams by farmers and others.
Opium yields also increased. The average was 30% higher in 2016 than in 2015, rising from 18.3 kilograms a hectare to 23.8 kilograms. Afghanistan’s estimated potential opium production was up 43%, at 4,800 tons.
The Southern and Western regions drove that increase in opium, with their opium yields up 36% and 37%, respectively. The Southern region produced 54% of the country’s opium, the most in Afghanistan and far ahead of the second-place Western region, which turned out 24%.
New research finds gradually increasing muscle resistance improves brain function in elderly people. This might delay the onset of dementia.
Two workers died in 2013 Williams Olefin chemical plant explosion
Suge Knight has filed a lawsuit against Dr. Dre, claiming that Dre hired a hitman in an attempt to murder Knight, TMZ reports.
Knight is the rap mogul who cofounded Death Row Records, which at one time included Dr. Dre on its roster. Knight alleges in the new suit that Dre hired a hitman to kill him because Knight had a lifetime management deal with Dre, which entitled him to 30% of Dre’s entertainment earnings.
Knight further claims that Dre ordered the alleged hit because he was trying to cut Knight out of earnings for Beats By Dre, in part because Apple, which bought Beats for $3 billion in 2014, didn’t want to do business with Knight.
The alleged hit was to happen during the weekend of the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards, Knight claims, when he was shot several times.
Knight also alleges that in 2015, when Knight hit two men with his car, killing one and injuring the other, he was attempting to get away from an ambush. He claims one of the men was ordered to murder him. Knight is currently in jail on a charge of murder.
Knight is suing for $300 million, or 30% of Dre’s $1 billion take in the sale of Beats to Apple, according to TMZ.
A lawyer for Dr. Dre told Business Insider in a statement, “Given that Dre has had zero interaction with Suge since leaving Death Row Records in 1996, we hope that Suge’s lawyer has lots of malicious prosecution insurance.”
Researchers find that low levels of a protein called DLK1 in the blood of pregnant women could indicate a greater risk of pregnancy complications.
Violence is rising near the US-Mexico border — 'El Chapo' Guzmán's capture could be helping drive it
Violence is rising near the US-Mexico border — ‘El Chapo’ Guzmán’s capture could be helping drive it